Cellulose is the main component in vegetal walls. It is a 100% natural fibre found in wood and most plants.
Thus, numerous raw materials can be used in molding: wood, cotton, paper, straw, linen, hemp, sugar cane stem, strands of rice, etc.
It is the nature of the fiber which gives paper and other products made of cellulose their three main characteristics:
- mechanical resistance properties: pulling, tearing, bursting, folding, flexible static and dynamic rigidity, abrasion, compression…
- optical properties : whitening, opaqueness, brightness…
- texture properties: weightlessness, handling, porosity, water and liquid resistance…
General information on a few of the above mentioned raw materials:
|Used to make more than 95% of the world’s paper. Coniferous trees are used in the production of solid paper and leafy trees for thick paper.||Cotton grains’ short strands are used to manufacture cotton pulp to make paper more resistant – an essential quality – while giving it a softer touch.||This plant’s short strands are used to make high quality paper.||This plant is very rich in cellulose, and was the first one ever used to make paper. The most ancient papers are made of hemp.|
The collection of recyclable paper is well organized in France. In its operation, Ecofeutre uses essentially waste paper: newspapers, magazines, office paper, etc.
All additives used in the production process to provide molded cellulose with mechanical properties, either physical or for special purposes, are entirely biodegradable. For instance, it is a natural glue which is used to strengthen the fibers. This way more recycled (short) fibers can be used in packaging production.
Other additives used to obtain specific properties such as watertightness, airtightness, fire resistant, color… are all 100% biodegradable.
Being made from recycled papers (newspapers and others), cellulose can be is used for its insulating properties.